The Basic Principles Of causes of peripheral neuropathy



Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.

Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by offering the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or might not entirely reverse the neuropathy and ease the signs and in numerous cases there is some long-term damage to nerves and persistent symptoms despite treatment.

Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based upon particular cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), local injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing irritating elements like typing in wrong positions, use of hand tools etc. Surgery is also an alternative and is most typically alleviative if no long-term damage to nerve has already taken place if signs not eased by this method. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment varies.

The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, caused by absence of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally encouraging.

Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the irritant food product triggering neuropathy. There might be some particular treatment in specific cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can typically be prevented by giving pyridoxine along with it.


Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive measures to prevent any problems due to neuropathy.

Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment read more of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the irritant food product causing neuropathy.

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